MERITA BARDHOSHI | ASSOC. PROF. DR.

May 7, 2019 | 24th BaSS Congress | INVITED LECTURERS

Biography

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Merita Bardhoshi

Merita Bardhoshi was born on 9 June 1972, in Durres, Albania. She was graduated in 1994 in
Dental Medicine at the Faculty of Medicine, Tirana, Albania. In 1994 she was approved as
General Dentist. 1998-2002 she studied for Oro-maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine Faculty, Tirana,
Albania. In 2002 Prof. Merita was approved as Oro-maxillofacial Surgeon. Since 2005 she has
been lecturer in the Medicine Faculty, Oro-maxillofacial Department. In 2009, Prof. Merita has
made a training in the University Hospital Center, Galway Irland, Oro-maxillofacial Department.
In 2011, she received the academic title “Medicine Doctor”. In 2014, Prof. Merita received the
academic title “Associated Professor”. In 2011: Mastership Curriculum, Rhein West Technische
Hochschule University in Aachen Germany. She is member of Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Laser,
Member of World Federation for Laser in Dentistry since 2011. Since 2012 she is lecturer of
“Laser in Dentistry “Medicine University, Faculty of Dentistry, Tirane, Albania. 2011-2013, she
has finished her post graduated study, Laser in Dentistry, Rhein West Technische Hochschule
University in Aachen Germany. Since 2018, she is President of Albanian Association of Dental
Professionals. Author of 40 international and national publications. Lecturer of 60 international
and national presentations.


Abstract Synopsis

”DIODE LASER A GOOD MODALITY FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF VASCULAR LESION OF ORO MAXILLO FACIALAREA ”

Assoc. Prof.Dr. Merita Bardhoshi

ABSTRACT

Mulliken and Glowacki introduced a simple classification in 1982 that was based on the clinical,
histochemical and cellular criteria to distinguish between the various vascular anomalies. They
described two distinct entities– hemangiomas and vascular malformations. Acquired lesions may
be traumatic or idiopathic in origin. Hemangiomas present with variable morphology. Some are
small and hardly noticeable,whereas others are largeand disfiguring. When a haemangioma is
superficial and deep is called compound hemangioma. The correct diagnosis is critical for proper
treatment. Vascular malformations are always present at birth though some may not be apparent
until a later stage and they never proliferate or involute. Instead they expand slowly and
relentlessly throughout life,in pace with the growth of the patient. Trauma, puberty and
pregnancy can cause accelerated growth. These lesions are subclassified according to the
predominant type of vessel and characteristic of flow like capillary malformation, venous
malformation and arteriovenous malformation. They presents initially as flat pink macules. They
are usually soft, compressible and enlarge in size when venous pressure is increased. Some
lesionssuch as venous lakes and varicosities are part of the normal aging process. The congenital
anomalies may be further subdivided according to vessel type. Capillary, venous and
lymphomatous malformations are low-flow lesions, whereas arterial venous lesions are high
flow. Accurate terminology leads to precise identification of the vascular entity.in most cases an
accurate history and physical examination will help establish the diagnosis. They can been
situated in different area oforo-maxillofacial region tongue, lip, palate, buccal mucosa, gingiva
Numerous methods oftreatment have been used such as cryotherapy, embolization,
sclerotisation, cold scalpel and combination of these. They are variable in their success and all
can be complicated by scarring. The choice of treatment depends on the type of lesion (vascular
content), location, depth andcharacteristics of flow of the lesion .Management of these lesions
with laser is an option. Because of the esthetic importance of the lip, the discrete anatomic
borders such as the vermilion border and their functional importance the use of lasers for
treatment in this region has some important benefits .Several laser systems have been developed
using principles of selective photothermolysis .The target chromophorin vascular lesions is
oxyhemoglobin present in the red blood corpuscles which circulates in blood vessels. Laser
therapy is a good method to treat vascular lesion. Among different laser systems I choose the
application of 980 nm diode laser for the management of vascular lesion of lip due to the fact
that the wavelength of 980 nm is good absorbed in hemoglobin and this characteristic make
possible to achievevery good coagulation and hemostasis that is very important for vascular
lesion.